Mammals of Kashmir

Limber Wildlife Sanctuary

Limber Wildlife Sanctuary or Kazing Wildlife Sanctuary (also written as Qazing) is situated in Jammu & Kashmir. It is the fourth national park in the state which focuses the attention towards conserving the rare markhor wild goat.[1] It is also a part of an eco-sensitive zone as notified by the Government of Jammu & Kashmir.
Limber Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 26.00 sq. km or 4,375 ha.[3] It is located on North bank of Jhelum in Baramulla district of Jammu & Kashmir. It is close to the Line of Control, which is the international jurisdiction border that India holds with Pakistan. It is situated at a distance of about 70 km from Srinagar.
The sanctuary is a conservation ground for Markhor wild goats. Apart from other species of goats, Limber Wildlife Sanctuary also is home to Himalayan musk deer, leopards and brown bears. 120 different species of birds and 20 species of mammals are found here as well.

Lachhipora Wildlife Sanctuary

 Lachipora Sanctuary is named after village Lachipora, which lies within the catchment fringing the protected area (Bacha 2000). The Sanctuary lies c. 90 km west of Srinagar and occupies the north bank of the River Jhelum. It is bounded to the north by Kakau Forest in Langet Forest Division, to the south by Maidan Forest, to the southeast by the River Jhelum, to the west by the ceasefire line and to the east by Bagna and Limber Forests (Department of Wildlife Protection 1987). The terrain is montane, with gentle to steep slopes, sometimes broken by huge rocky cliffs. In the upper reaches, the folds are thrown into a number of inaccessible undulations, enclosing narrow gullies, locally called nars (Bacha 2000). Lachipora was established as a sanctuary primarily to protect the Markhor Capra falconeri (Department of Wildlife Protection 1987). As the elevation varies from 1,600 to 3,300 m, the vegetation also varies from broadleaf forest through coniferous forests to alpine grassland/meadows. The broadleaf forest consists of Horse Chestnut and Birch, woodlands of Aesculus indica, Juglans regia, Acer cappadocium association, Betula utilis and Abies pindrow. The coniferous forests have pure Deodar Cedrus deodara stands, dotted with isolated Pinus griffithii. Blue Pine forests are just the reverse with P. griffithii dominating and scattered C. deodara. The Silver Fir woodland, found on steep dry slopes up to 3,500 m consists of Abies pindrow, Picea smithiana and Pinus griffithii, with scattered Betula utilis in the higher reaches. The alpine meadows pastures, above the tree line, are locally called margs by graziers. The dominant vegetation is herbaceous, with stunted bushes and isolated trees in folds. Primula, Potentilla, Caltha, Inula, Gentiana, Anemone and Corydalis are some of the common genera. Woody clumps consist of Rhododendron and Junipers.

Kaj e Nag National Park

Kazinag National Park is a commissioned future national park in Baramulla city of the Baramulla district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is part of a proposal for a trans-Karakoram peace park with Pakistan. Kazinag national park located in North region of kashmir.The area of kazinag national park is 160 sq.kms.It was commissioned in 1992 A.D.The National park is located on the north bank of river jehlum.
Around 20 species of mammals, including some which are rare, threatened or endangered are found in within Kazinag National park. Key animal species sighted are markhor, Himalayan musk deer, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan black bear, Indian leopard, Himalayan marmot, yellow-throated marten, and Kashmir flying squirrel.
The Kazinag National Park is home to about 120 species of birds including the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Impeyan or monal pheasant (Lophophorus impejanus), cheer pheasant (Catreus wallichii), sparrow hawk (Accipiter nisus melaschistos), snow pigeon (Columba leuconota), cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), Himalayan pied kingfisher (Ceryle lugubris), lesser pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis), nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes), jackdaw (Corvus monedula), long tailed minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus), sooty flycatcher (Muscicapa infuscata), Kashmir red breasted flycatcher (Ficedula subrubra) and yellow throated martin (Martes flavigula).

Dachigam National Park

Dachigam National Park is located 22 km (kilometer) from Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir. It covers an area of 141 sq km (square kilometer). The name literally stands for ‘ten villages’, which could be in memory of the ten villages that were relocated in order to create the park.
Dachigam was initially established to ensure the supply of clean drinking water to Srinagar city. A protected area since 1910, it was declared as a national park in 1981. The park is best known as the home of the hangul, or Kashmir stag. Dachigam is open throughout the year, but the best time to visit is between April and August. The closest airport is at Srinagar. Habitat to Kashmir Stag : Only area where Kashmir stag is found.
Dachigam National Park, nestled in the stunning Himalayan landscape of Jammu and Kashmir, is a nature lover’s paradise and a must-visit destination for tourists seeking natural beauty and wildlife experiences. Spanning over 141 square kilometers, this pristine sanctuary offers a breathtaking panorama of towering peaks, lush meadows, and dense forests.
The park is renowned for its diverse wildlife, with the elusive Hangul deer, a critically endangered species, as its star attraction. Visitors can also spot leopards, black bears, musk deer, and various avian species, making it a dream destination for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.
The pristine Maruti Lake, situated within the park, adds to the allure, offering a tranquil escape amid serene surroundings. Trekking and nature walks are popular activities here, allowing tourists to explore the park’s natural treasures up close.
Dachigam National Park is not just a sanctuary for wildlife but also a sanctuary for the soul, providing a serene and rejuvenating experience for all who venture into its breathtaking wilderness.