Endemics of Southern India


Thattekad, located in the southern Indian state of Kerala, is a serene and biodiverse destination that beckons tourists with its lush greenery, rich avian life, and tranquil landscapes. Often referred to as the “Birdwatcher’s Paradise,” Thattekad is renowned for its birding opportunities and pristine wilderness.
The Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, also known as Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, covers an area of approximately 25 square kilometers and is home to over 300 species of birds, including the rare and endemic Sri Lanka Frogmouth and Ceylon Bay Owl. It’s a must-visit destination for birdwatching enthusiasts and nature photographers.
Tourists can explore the sanctuary through guided nature walks and treks, where they can spot colorful bird species amidst the dense forests and along the banks of the Periyar River. The sanctuary’s diverse flora and fauna add to its natural charm.
Thattekad offers a peaceful retreat for tourists seeking a tranquil and nature-focused experience in Kerala’s beautiful wilderness, making it a perfect destination for those looking to connect with the region’s vibrant avian life and pristine landscapes.


Munnar, nestled in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, is a picturesque hill station that captivates tourists with its lush tea plantations, misty mountains, and serene landscapes. Located at an elevation of around 1,600 meters (5,200 feet), Munnar is known for its pleasant climate and breathtaking beauty.
The region is famous for its sprawling tea gardens, which create a verdant carpet over the rolling hills. Tourists can visit tea estates, learn about the tea-making process, and enjoy scenic walks through the plantations.
Munnar is also home to several natural attractions, including Anamudi, the highest peak in South India, and numerous waterfalls like Attukal and Lakkam. The Eravikulam National Park, known for the endangered Nilgiri Tahr, offers excellent trekking opportunities.
Tourists can explore the charming town of Munnar, visit the Mattupetty Dam, and enjoy boating on the serene Kundala Lake. The region’s abundant flora and fauna make it a paradise for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers.
Munnar’s pristine beauty, cool climate, and lush greenery make it a popular destination for those seeking a tranquil and scenic escape in the heart of Kerala’s Western Ghats.


Ooty, short for Ootacamund and officially known as Udagamandalam, is a charming hill station nestled in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, India. Situated at an altitude of approximately 2,240 meters (7,350 feet), Ooty is a beloved tourist destination renowned for its pleasant climate, scenic beauty, and colonial heritage.
The town is characterized by its lush tea gardens, dense forests, and rolling hills blanketed in eucalyptus and pine trees. The Ooty Botanical Gardens, established in the 19th century, showcase a wide variety of exotic plants and flowers. The scenic Ooty Lake offers boating opportunities, while the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, provides a nostalgic ride through picturesque landscapes.
Ooty’s pleasant weather and serene environment make it a popular destination for nature lovers, trekkers, and honeymooners. The town is also famous for its homemade chocolates and vibrant local markets, where tourists can shop for souvenirs.
Whether you seek relaxation amid natural beauty, adventure in the hills, or a taste of colonial-era charm, Ooty offers a delightful experience for tourists looking to escape to the tranquil and scenic landscapes of the Nilgiris.


Wayanad, a pristine and picturesque district in the southern Indian state of Kerala, is a captivating destination that beckons tourists with its lush green landscapes, misty hills, and rich biodiversity. Nestled in the Western Ghats, Wayanad is renowned for its natural beauty, wildlife sanctuaries, and cultural heritage.
The region is characterized by its dense forests, tea and coffee plantations, and numerous trekking trails. Tourists can explore the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, home to diverse flora and fauna, including elephants, tigers, and various bird species. The serene Pookode Lake, with its pedal boats and lush surroundings, offers a tranquil escape.
Wayanad is also steeped in history and culture, with ancient temples like Thirunelli and cultural festivals that provide insights into the local way of life. Edakkal Caves, with their prehistoric rock carvings, offer a fascinating glimpse into the past.
For nature enthusiasts, trekkers, and cultural explorers, Wayanad offers an immersive experience in the heart of Kerala’s pristine Western Ghats, making it an ideal destination for those seeking adventure and natural beauty.


Valparai is a captivating hill station nestled in the Anamalai Hills of the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu, India. Situated at an elevation of around 1,400 meters (4,600 feet), Valparai is a serene and lesser-known gem that entices tourists with its lush tea plantations, dense forests, and pristine landscapes.
The region is renowned for its sprawling tea estates, which cover the hills like a green carpet. Tourists can take guided tours of these plantations, witness the tea-making process, and enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding hills.
Valparai is also home to a variety of wildlife, including Indian elephants, gaur (Indian bison), leopards, and diverse bird species. The Anamalai Tiger Reserve, which surrounds Valparai, offers opportunities for wildlife safaris and trekking.
The town itself is a charming retreat with a pleasant climate and several viewpoints like Nallamudi Poonjolai and Loam’s View Point that provide panoramic vistas of the Western Ghats.
Valparai offers a tranquil and unspoiled escape for tourists seeking a serene hill station experience in the lap of nature, making it an ideal destination for relaxation, trekking, and wildlife exploration.


Mudumalai, also known as Mudumalai National Park, is a captivating wildlife sanctuary and national park nestled in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, India. Situated at the foothills of the Western Ghats, Mudumalai is a renowned destination that beckons tourists with its rich biodiversity, pristine landscapes, and thrilling wildlife encounters.
The national park boasts diverse flora and fauna, making it a hotspot for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. It is home to a wide range of wildlife, including Indian elephants, Bengal tigers, leopards, gaur (Indian bison), spotted deer, and numerous bird species.
Tourists visiting Mudumalai can enjoy jeep safaris, guided nature walks, and birdwatching expeditions, providing opportunities to spot these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat. The Moyar River flowing through the park adds to its scenic charm.
Mudumalai offers an immersive and adventurous experience in the heart of the Western Ghats, where tourists can connect with nature, witness the wonders of the wild, and appreciate the importance of conservation efforts in preserving this natural treasure.